War is one of the most unfortunate yet significant activities in human history. There is nothing else apart from destruction, wrath, and chaos that comes out of it. War is the action of fighting an opposition, typically, a kingdom or country with the sole purpose of accomplishing an intent.
There are various causes of war in human history, but it doesn’t always end well. From all the losses that are financial, emotional to humans, it leaves a lasting impact on us. We endure so many losses in this unfortunate event. It is estimated that around 8 million horses and umpteen number of other animals that proved helpful in the war, from donkeys to mules were killed in this unfortunate process.
We’ll look at the causes behind the war, and if these causes justify the losses, we endure. From philosophers to the great minds of the millennia, a lot of the human brains have gone into understanding the causes. We have created a discipline to study them. But, let’s start with the basics.
Greek Philosophers contemplate capital and fear as the most important reasons behind any war or even simple conflicts. Let’s explore the details behind the top 10 causes of war.
10.| Conflict of Interest
Nations, kingdoms, basically, all ruling parties have had a conflict of interest, because they have interests. Humanity always has had a state of conflict in terms of material things needed for survival mostly or expanding their power. That might range from food, water, gold, or anything substantial that might help a group live or develop.
9.| For Defense
The Modern World is plagued by Wars, which are hidden behind the honest thought of defending the people against known and unknown threats. The nations are used to arguing that they are merely in a defensive mode, to find against a probable threat to their country.
The wars are controversial just because even though there is no trigger point, the battles are raged because the defending nation ends up attacking so that the other one doesn’t attack first. The infamous Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union is a prime instance of the same.
8.| For Resources
In a world where the population is on the rise, and the resources become scarce, a war for economic gain is due. One of the significant causes of war is a motive for gaining financial resources. In Ancient times, the war was for precious metals such as gold and silver. In our times, the preciousness has been transferred to metals, fossil fuels such as oil and other such minerals.
The devastation of India by the British East India Company is a prime example. The country was called the Golden Bird, and now all of those valuable resources reside in Great Britain.
7.| For Areal Expansion
When a Kingdom or Nation wants to expand its reach, territorial expansion is the easiest method. Territory provides everything a nation desires, from space for fighting wars to residing people and chores like mining or farming. The development of the Mughal Empire in Ancient India is an excellent instance of wars fought for areal expansion.
The cold unfortunate Israel Palestine War being raged in the current times is another regrettable example of wars for territories. The Kashmir War between India and Pakistan is another instance of controversial cold fights that are not silencing.
6.| In the Name of Religion
Wars started in the name of religion seem relatively standard, but they often rooted in other causes of conflicts. That means that it generally begins for the expansion of power, for avenging or honor. The tension might cook between different religious groups slowly, and even a spark of communal disharmony can light a fire, and make the whole world burn.
Some of the most renowned religious wars are between the Catholics and Protestants in the Thirty Years’ War in the 1600s and the Lebanese Civil War between the Sunni and Shiite Muslim Sects in the 1980s.
5.| In the Name of the Nation
Wars are rooting in the name of the Nation stem in the belief of superiority. Hitler’s war is an astounding instance of a fight rooting in nationalism. While nationalism is a factor in every other cause of war, a conflict stemming primarily in the name of the nation results in the invasion but is not about expansion.
World War I is also a great example where umpteen nationalism resulted in the participation of unrelated countries in the unfortunate war.
Revenge is a spark that doesn’t diminish and might result in an explosion. Wars started to avenge unfortunate mistreatments or to punish another kingdom or nation result in conflicts that don’t end soon and well. World War I and World War II seems a good example. World War I ended with the signing of the Peace Treaty of Versailles, which significantly diminished the power of Germany.
As a result, Hitler rose raged war in Revenge, which sparked World War II. Most of the conflicts between the Glorious Ancient Kingdoms of Europe stemmed from the need for Revenge.
3.| Civil Conflicts
When there are too many thinkers or lawmakers in the country, and conflict of idea on how the nation should function, a civil conflict takes birth. In a chain of unfortunate events, this might lead to a civil war. The civil strife of ideas turns into a bloodbath between the opposing group. The American Civil War is the aptest example of a civil war, so much so that a simple Google search on the topic only provides you with the American Civil War unless explicitly stated otherwise.
Apart from the stance of the Union and Confederate Army on slavery, the American Civil War was also for the rights of the different states and other such political matters. Civil Wars are also sparked by groups intended to separate themselves from the state, or sometimes even separate the country. The Korean War between South and North Korea is another example.
We’ve all learned about the French and Russian Revolution is our history classes. A revolution begins against oppression, as the whole country comes against the monarchical powers ruling the state. Often revolutionary wars stem from civil wars or generally result in civil wars as the lack of a ruling party now creates a void of power.
The American Revolution in the 1770s against the colonial British Empire gave independence to the United States of America.
One of the most strange reasons for war is an honor. While scholars of political science don’t consider an honor to be a significant cause of war, it is indeed one. A battle begins in the name of courage to save the state from becoming a laughing stock. Honour is in other causes of war such as nationalism, Revenge, or civil wars.
Henry Kissinger famously said that they couldn’t avert the war being fought in the Middle East. It was because they can’t just march 250K soldiers to war only to get them back home.
While there might be umpteen causes of power, but we’re living in the most peaceful era in terms of humanity. Let’s pray that the world gets devoid of any war, and harmony rules over all the nations.