In our day to day life, we encounter so many useful metals and non-metals. The basic structure of society is built with the matter around us. It can be solid, liquid and in gaseous state. These all metals and non-metals are studied in detail and accordingly put to use in daily activities. Have you ever thought about its utility and its functions which are distributed in different fields across the world? Can you say by their properties which material is metal and which is a non-metal. So today we are going to study about them in detail, the list is as follows:
1. Iron: The most commonly used metal on earth
Iron is an essential component of nature. Its uses are not limited. Some of the purposes of Iron in our daily life are in Foods and Medicines like Iron in red blood cells contains hemoglobin. In Agriculture, Iron is an essential component in plants. It acts as a micro-nutrient in plants, and its deficiency may cause various diseases. For Utensils washing Various utensils used in our homes are made up of stainless steel. Moreover, its also used in Automobiles Most of the parts of automobiles are made up of Iron, some of the components like pistons, wires, wheels, bearings are made up of Iron.
2. Aluminum: Alloy material
Aluminum alloys are broadly used in aeronautical applications because of their high strength to weight ratio. Aluminum is also a significant constituent in an automobile for reducing the weight of the vehicle. It is used to create Windows, roofs, and doors. It is also used to make sports equipment.
For the fabrication of electrical conductors, it is used as a sacrificial anode. Storage tanks, beverage cans, pressure vessels, variety of castings, are also made from aluminum alloys. The Household items such as utensils are made from aluminum only.
3. Copper: Electrically and thermally conductive substance
Copper is substantial but very soft, malleable and electrically and thermally conductive. Copper is well-known and easily identifiable by its golden, reddish color. This metal has a long history of use for decorative and functional purposes. Currently copper exists in our homes, vehicles, and all the electrical gadgets.
4. Zinc : Galvanized steel
Zinc is most commonly used as a coating for “galvanized” steel. Rich Coatings fall into two primary categories, organic and inorganic, each having its particular advantages and limitations. In past years, it has been proven by science that with proper formulations these limitations are not as critical. In the case of organics, their potential has been widened except in the areas of solvent resistance and high-temperature applications.
5. Nickel: Often known as stainless steel
This metal is most widely used as a component (together with Iron and chrome) of a steel alloy called “stainless steel.”
6. Nitrogen: essential element
Nitrogen, which is present in seventy-Eight percent volume wise is an essential element. It is used in industries for the production of ammonia, which is a necessary ingredient of fertilizers we use in agricultural fields. It is beneficial to the farmers of the country for high-yielding variety seeds.
7. Oxygen: a most crucial element
It is another essential element present in the atmosphere and is present by volume of twenty-one percent in the air. Oxygen Gas is necessary for life since it is required for respiration. Oxygen cylinders are used in emergency and hospitals where this gas is used for trauma treatment.
Apart from respiration, oxygen gas is also used in manufacturing industries like steel, metal fabrication, and other activities. It’s just that high temperature is required for the purpose.
8. Chlorine: Major element for the purification process
The Chlorine is widely used non-metal, and it is present in group seven of the periodic table. Chlorine best suited for the purification process of water. It provides Purification of our drinking water supplies as it helps in killing the bacteria and other germs.
Chlorine is used as a bleaching agent for Industrial application, which helps in removing color or stains from various cloth materials. It is used for making multiple useful chemicals like graded plastics insecticides. Chlorine is also used for producing polyvinyl chloride( popularly known as PVL) to be used in numerous pipeline and garden pipes.
9. Carbon: Unique Bonding element
Carbon is a unique and special element among all the elements in its ability to form strongly bonded chains, locked by Hydrogen atoms. A small but essential fraction is used as a feed-stock for the petrochemical industries producing polymers, fibers, solvents, paints, etc. These hydrocarbons, extracted naturally as fossil fuels (oil, coal and natural gas), are mostly used as fuels. Impure carbon in the form of Charcoal basically from wood dust and Coke is used in metal smelting. Carbon fiber is finding many uses as a reliable yet lightweight material. It is currently used in tennis rackets, fishing rods, rockets, and airplanes. It is particularly essential in the steel and iron industries.
10. Diamond: Gem in Jewelry
Diamonds have multiple uses primarily in Industrial units. They are used for cutting rocks and drilling. Diamond films are used to protect surfaces such as razor blades. Other than this primary use of Diamond, there are many other uses of this valuable stone. Along with being used in the industrial areas, diamonds are also used for some necessary general applications. They are also being used in many industries as well for various operations. The small pieces of diamonds are used for cutting glasses in it’s purest form. The tiniest portions of diamonds are also used for drilling the rocks/soil particles. Because of the hardness of Diamond, it is mainly preferred for doing such cutting and drilling activities. A small portion of the Diamond can be used for cutting in large diamond pieces. We all have also heard that a diamond can cut a diamond, and that is true. The other one is Polishing other stones: No matter if a diamond is used in the solid form or in the way of dust, Diamond holds several uses. The powder of the Diamond can also be used for polishing other diamonds and precious stones. Diamond gives an upgraded shine in the other rocks. Diamond has various Industrial and Beauty applications. They can also be used in making tungsten wires and other electrical appliances. Diamonds are also used to blur wrinkles would be both costly and possibly ineffective. You would also have to re-apply the product multiple times throughout the day because Diamond is the reason, and they are not an active ingredient. You require a high concentration of diamond dust to diffuse enough light to blur lines. They prevent them from the heat strokes of the sun. They are used as heat sinks in such electronic applications of devices for repealing away the heat of the sun.
The price for all of those expensive diamond-based beauty products would add up over time. The multiple stones that can be engraved are quartz, granite, etc. According to science and research, they possess a very high level of thermal conductivity and low resistivity. Therefore, diamonds can be used in numerous electronic applications to prevent delicate parts from getting damaged.