Global warming is a serious environmental concern. This issue has been consistently researched by scientists all over the world. Global warming is a phenomenon, that is a result of increasing amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases are produced by burning fossil fuels, deforestation, release of chemical gases as a result of industrial processes, and release of gases by refrigerators and aerosol sprays. While this phenomenon has been spoken of for many years, many people are still unaware of the sever implications it has for our own human futures.
Read this list to know more about the drastic effects global warming has already begun having on our environment and planet.
Increase in Temperature
The rise in temperature is caused by greenhouse gases getting trapped in the atmosphere. According to several researchers, this will continue to occur over the next four decades, and will only worsen. The heat energy of the sun enters the atmosphere of the earth and gets reflected back into space. However, greenhouse gases trap some of the sun’s outgoing heat energy and retain the heat. This in turn causes the increase in temperature which has horrific consequences for the Earth’s atmosphere.
Melting of Glaciers
As a result of increasing temperatures, the ice in glaciers all over the world has started to melt. An example is, Montana’s Glacier National Park, where the number of glaciers has fallen from 150 to 35. The melting of these glaciers has already started leading to several problems. One of these major issues is flooding. Flooding leads to loss of habitation for many species that live at ground level. This throws the balance of the ecosystem into havoc.
Rising Sea Levels
The increase in temperature coupled with the melting glaciers has led to water flowing into the oceans. This causes an increase in sea levels. Coastal regions all over the world have begun facing the detrimental effects of this factor. The first disastrous effect it has is wiping out flora and fauna that resides in these low lying regions. In addition, human population is now facing the threat of having their homes washed out in the near future. If sea levels continue to rise, there will be more instances of flooding until these coastal areas finally become submerged. Nations such as Maldives are being forced to consider relocating its citizens because of this threat.
In the Arctic, several glacial areas have melted to become a part of the oceans. The ecosystems in these areas have been completely disrupted and several species that live here are not either endangered or rare. This is just one example of the several such occurrences happening all around the world. The increasing temperature of water bodies coupled with desertification and deforestation is slowly moving down the path of irreversible environmental destruction. This leads to several species of flora and fauna losing their natural habitats. Efforts must be taken to ensure that wildlife species are protected and rehabilitated so as to ensure their continued survival. Researches have shown that if the temperature rises more than 2-11 degrees Fahrenheit, we are at risk of losing about thirty per cent of plant and animal species by the year 2050.
Spread of Disease
The rising temperature has resulted in climatic changes all over the world. As the temperature becomes warmer, it affects the health of humans. Diseases that affect us have become more unpredictable rampant as a result of this rise in temperature. Global warming has resulted in the increase in rainfall every year. According to research, this has resulted in the spread of diseases that are water borne or carried by water. An example is the spread of malaria during the rainy season. This disease has become more rampant since the advent of global warming. When areas become warmer, disease carrying insects migrate towards these places and spread the disease. This is one of the primary reasons for almost eradicated diseases coming back with renewed vigour.
While it is true that several areas suffer from too much water because of global warming, other areas suffer from an absolute lack of water and this results in droughts. Researchers and environmentalists predict that the areas most affected by droughts will be Africa and some part of Europe. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this could worsen the conditions and lead to conflicts and war.
This effect of global warming is one that is felt even in India. Every year, there are more and more incidents of people dying because of heat strokes. With the constant change in temperature, the people have still not been able to adapt themselves to effectively cope with increasing temperatures and climatic changes. Since, the amount of greenhouse gases also continuously increasing, there seems no respite from the sudden spikes in heat that are felt by people everywhere, every year. Research indicates that there have been more deaths from heatwaves in the last few years than in the last half decade or so.
Not taking proper measures to control global warming can have detrimental effects on the global economy in the coming future. The effects of global warming on human beings and their environment will result in the need for large amounts of money to be spent, to save the environment. Natural disaster such as droughts, floods, and hurricanes cost governments millions in damages. In addition, the increasing spread of diseases results in rise in the costs of treatment. To bring all these factors under control, every government in the world needs to invest and spend money.
Fall in Population
Research has shown that over the past few years, global warming has started causing a fall in human population. This can be attributed to heatwaves, uncontrollable spread of diseases, and flooding. Each of these factors by itself has terrifying effects on the human population. It is not hard to imagine how drastic these effects will become if this continues over the next few decades. As has already been stated, ecosystems have already been disrupted and the food chain has been severely impacted. Scientists have predicted the possible extinction of the human race if global warming is not controlled properly in the coming decades.
Countries such as Greenland that are completely surrounded by water are facing the risk of disappearing altogether. Because of the presence of glaciers and snow caps in these cold areas, global warming has an intense effect. When these glaciers and snow caps melt, they cause a rise in the surrounding sea water which ultimately leads to the land getting submerged. While Greenland is the first country to face this issue, it definitely won’t be the last.
This list hopefully gave you an idea of the horrible implications that global warming has for our futures. If global warming continues in an uncontrolled manner, very soon several species will go extinct. And if we’re not careful and more insistent on bringing about a positive change, human beings could very well be the next one to go on the endangered list. Every one of these effects is in a stage where it can be controlled. So go ahead, take that first step to save your planet, and your future!