Democracy is a government by the people, for the people and of the people. In other words democracy is a system which gives power to each and every citizen to actively participate in the government of the country. The importance of democracy lies in the fact, that currently there are 123 democratic nations in a world of 192 countries. Gone are the days when kings and dictators used to curb and torture the citizens for their pleasure. When all the decisions relating to running a nation was made by one person and everyone else had no choice other than obeying him. This a new era in which democracy is the king. And we as citizens of a democratic nation, have all the reasons to be happy. But there still exist some countries, the citizens of which have not experienced democracy yet. So here we are with a list of top 10 reasons why every country should adopt democracy, for the best of all.
10. Human Rights:
Human rights are the inherent rights that every person should have just because he/she is a human. Democracy ensures that these basic human rights are granted to each citizen of the country. While in other forms of government these rights can be granted or taken away at the whims of the ruler; in a democracy none of the fundamental rights can be modified without a majority vote. Furthermore, all these rights are protected by the constitution. It is because of democracy that every human has the right to live. They are free from torture and slavery as they are lucky enough to belong to a democratic nation. Anyone who attempts to take away these rights shall be punished by the law.
9. Freedom of speech:
In 399 BC a famous Greek philosopher, Socrates was sentenced to death for expressing his views and opinions. Well if you live in a democratic country consider yourself very lucky, because the trial of Socrates is one of the most extreme practices of an undemocratic form of government. Democracy puts a complete full stop to all such practices, which curb the freedom of speech of the citizens. People have the right to express their opinions about any topic out loud, without being censored by the government. Democracy promotes debates and group discussions which are crucial for the exponential growth of a nation.
8 Power to everyone:
The word democracy itself means power to the people. In a democracy each and every citizen have the power to decide who runs the country. By granting the power to the people, democracy ensures equal participation to everyone in the government of the country. Any citizen can participate in the election either by representing their district or by voting for their representatives. Furthermore, democracies protect against all-powerful central governments and decentralize government to regional and local levels. Hence a fair distribution of power ensures participation of everyone in the smooth functioning of the government.
7. Responsible government:
Unlike a monarchy, a democracy doesn’t have a ruler. The government in a democracy constitutes of representatives chosen by the citizens of the nation. These representatives are answerable to their voters. Periodic elections keep a check on the government’s work. The government is obliged to fulfill their promises, otherwise they can be thrown out of power by their voters. Also the party in opposition plays an important role in keeping the government accountable.
6. Better citizens:
With great power comes great responsibility. Citizens of a democracy are obliged to become informed about public issues, to monitor the conduct of their leaders and representatives, and to express their own opinions.They have the right to debate on issues and protest against the government if required. But it is also their duty to vote in elections. They realize that the progress of their country, depends on them. Thus, democracy helps in making the citizens responsible and aware.
A democracy does not discriminate anyone on the basis of gender,race,caste etc. Each person’s vote matters as much as that of any other person. Everyone has equal rights to represent their district in an election and to vote their representatives. Thus, a democratic system of government ensures equal political, social and economic rights to everyone.
4. Transparency in decision making:
Every democracy has a constitution which lays the guidelines for carrying out the work of the government. Unlike a monarchy, in a democracy no laws can be passed without the consent of the majority. Any law passed must conform to the broad guidelines of the constitution, and if a law does not meet this requirement, it can be challenged in a court of law and repealed. Before passing any law a formal session takes place in the parliament, in which the elected representatives consider the various aspects of the law. The law is passed only when it is consented by a majority of the parliament. This procedure ensures complete transparency in decision making and prevents any unjust law from being passed.
3. It is open for change:
In a democracy, elected government cannot stay in power for as long as they want because they are bound by the constitution wherein they have to end their terms in office. Consequently, no one can be in power for a long time just like in a dictatorship. This means that if one political party fails to meet their voters demands, voters can give chance to other candidates. So the citizens can always look forward to changes in the system if they are not happy with it.
2. Peace and Harmony:
A democracy makes sure that everyone’s rights are protected. Since the government is formed on the basis of a majority’s choice, everyone’s prospects are taken care of. If at all any conflict arises, the matter is solved by collective decision making. The judicial courts at all levels, follow a systematic procedure to resolve any disputes between two citizens, organisations or between the government and the citizens, without the risk of riots or violent incidents. Anyone who promotes violence is punished by the law. Thus democracy promotes social peace and harmony.
1.Promotes Debate Culture:
The freedom of speech granted by democracy, brings with it the various platforms that promote wise utilization of the spoken word. Debates and group discussions are organised for people to voice out their opinion and share their ideas. Everyone gets a chance to speak up and make their words matter while others listen to them. This culture exposes the citizens to different perspectives and they understand each other better and together they contribute to the overall development of the country.